Best Evidence Medical and Health Professional Education

Teaching Musculoskeletal Clinical Skills to Medical Trainees and Physicians: A Best Evidence in Medical Education (BEME) Systematic Review of Strategies and their Effectiveness: BEME Guide 18


Musculoskeletal (MSK) complaints make up 12–20% of primary health visits and are a source of significant expenditures and morbidity. Despite this, MSK examination is an area of weakness among practising physicians. Several studies have highlighted the need for increased MSK physical exam teaching. However, increased teaching time alone does not guarantee improvement in these skills. Thus, we aimed to identify interventions that are effective in promoting transfer of MSK clinical skills.


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